Monday, February 20, 2012

Sudarshan Faakir; Ye Dolat Bhi Le Lo Fame Urdu Poet

Sudarshan Faakir (1934 – 2008) (Urdu: سدرشن فاکر) was an Indian poet and lyricist whose ghazals and some nazms were sung by Begum Akhtar and Jagjit Singh.
 
Faakir belonged to the small and diminishing tribe of non-Muslim Urdu poets from East Punjab. Sudarshan Faakir is the first lyricist to have won a Filmfare Award for his very first song. Apart from the hits like Woh Kagaz Ki Kashti, he was famous for a religious number - Hey Ram... Hey Ram. He is the Writer of National NCC Song of India- Hum Sab Bhartiya Hain. Apart from Non-Film Music, Sudarshan Faakir has Penned Songs from various films also.

Sudarshan ‘Faakir’ was the favourite poet of ‘Mallika-e-ghazal’ Begum Akhtar in her last phase, She sang five of his ghazals. He was also the co-traveller of Jagjit Singh, an association that began with ‘Woh kagaz ki kishti, woh barish ka pani’ in 1982.

Faakir was an MA in political science and English from DAV College, Jalandhar. Active in dramatics and poetry right from his college days, he directed Mohan Rakesh’s play “Ashaar ka ek din” in his youth. 

He lent his voice to AIR, Jalandhar before he left for Bombay where he later wrote for music directorJaidev. His song ‘Zindagi, zindagi, mere ghar aana zindagi' from Bhim Sen’s ‘Dooriyan’ as well as dialogues for the film ‘Yalgaar’ are popular till date. It is also claimed that the song, “Hum sab Bhartiya hain”, which is sung at the NCC camps across the country, was penned by him.

A perfectionist to the core, he labored hard over his poetry. Faakir is perhaps one of the last of the tribe of vanishing poets who lived for poetry and it is noteworthy that he put together his poetry in an anthology and published his first ‘diwan’ only after he became a much-celebrated poet.




Sahir Hoshiarpuri; a Renowned Urdu Poet

Sahir Hoshiarpuri (1913–1994), (urdu:ساحر ہوشیارپوری ) (born Ram Parkash (urdu: رام پرکاش ), was a renowned Urdu poet who mainly wrote ghazals that have been sung by many leading singers including Jagjit Singh. He was a disciple of Josh Malsiani who belonged to the Daagh School of Urdu Poetry.

Sahir Hoshiarpuri was born and brought up in Hoshiarpur, Punjab where he studied in Govt. College and earned his M.A.Degree in Persian in the year 1935. It was during his college days that he came into contact with Mehr Lal Soni Zia Fatehabadi (1913–1986) who was then studying in Forman Christian College in nearby Lahore; their friendship lasted a life time. They were both residing in Kanpur when Sahir Hoshiarpuri along with Naresh Kumar Shad (1927–1969) edited and published the Urdu Journal Chandan. The qataa e tareekh, a difficult format to master, composed by Sahir Hoshiarpuri in August, 1986 to commemorate the demise of his friend, Mehr Lal Soni Zia Fatehabadi, was published in the October 1986 issue of the Monthly Biswin Sadi, New Delhi (whose publication was started by Khushtar Girami (1902–1988) in 1937 from Lahore).

There now exist three published collections of Sahir’s poems – Jal Tarang, Sehr e nagma and Sehr e ghazal besides his other work Nuqoosh e Dagh. In 1989 he was given the Ghalib Award by the Ghalib Institute in recognition of his literary services. His is the lyrical Romantic Poetry couched in simple words that has made his writings popular.

Ravish Siddiqui; a Renowned Urdu Poet

Ravish Siddiqui(1911-1971) (Urdu: روش صدیقی), born Shahid Aziz (Urdu: شاہد عزیز) at Jawalapur in District Saharanpur of Uttar Pradesh was a renowned Urdu Ghazal and Nazm writer whose forte was Romantic Poetry and Patriotic Poetry. 

A self-educated person he had studied and gained fluency in Urdu, Arabic, Persian, Hindi, Sanskrit and English. 

Ravish Siddiqi worked in the All India Radio at the time when Prem Nath Dar, Saghar Nizami and Salaam Machhlishahari were also working in the same institution. 

His collection of ghazals titled Mehrab-e-Ghazal was published in 1956.


Muztar Khairabadi; a Renowned Urdu Poet

Muztar Khairabadi (1865–1927) was an Indian Urdu poet. He is a distinguished personality in Urdu literature.

Muztar Khairabadi (full name Iftikhar Hussain Muztar Khairabadi) was an established poet of the Urdu Language. He was the grandson of Allama Maulvi Fazl-e-Haq Khairabadi, a poet, philosopher, religious scholar, literary personage of Arabic, Persian, and Urdu, and freedom fighter in the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Muztar Khairabadi's parents were Haafiz Ahmad Hasan "Ruswa" and Mohatrama Bibi HirmaN Khairabadi. Bibi HirmaN KHairabadi was an enlightened poetess.She was encircled by an entire family of great poets.She was the daughter of Allama Fazle Haq Khairabadi.She was the wife of "Ruswa" khairabadi.She was the sister of Maulwi Shamsul Haq Khairabadi and Maulwi Abdul Haq Khairabadi.She was the mother of Bismil Khairabadi and Muztar Khairabadi.She was the grand mother of Bartar khairabadi,Nashtar khairabadi,and Janisar Akhtar.She was great grand mother of many many more who continued the family poetic tradition.muztar khairabadi was born in Khairabad. He grew up under the tutelage of his mother, HirmaN Khairabadi .She was very talented woman with many great qualities.Her brother Maulana Abdul Haq Khairabadi said of her: "I am glad that she was a woman and not a man.If she were my brother, then I would not have had a chance to shine intellectually in front of her .She is such a great mind." It is notable that HirmaN Khairabadi was an out-standing scholar and poetess in an era when female education was not popular.She was sufi by nature ;as a result , the color and tone of her poetry were spiritual.Muztar Khairabadi got initial Islah in poetry from his mother.

Muztar Khairabadi wrote a poetry collection, Nazr-e-Khuda, in praise of God. He was well-known for his naatia kalaam, poetry praising the Prophet Mohammad. His collection "Meelaad-e-Mustafa" was published by Alvi Press, Bhopal. Muztar Khairabadi's poem Behr-e-Taweel and his ghazal Marg-e-Ghalat ki Fariyad are considered remarkable examples of Urdu poetry. His prose is also forceful. Allah Bas Baqi Hawis, Dukhi Ki Pukar, and MuNh Dekhi Muhabbat are good examples of his prose. A collection of his poetry, Ilhamaat, was edited by his son, Nashtar Khairabadi. Muztar Khairabadi published a magazine entitled Karishama-e-Dilbar in Khairabad, Sitapur District). Muztar Khairabadi spent his life in Khairabad, Tonk, Gwalior, Indore, Bhopal and Rampur. In his lifetime he received numerous distinguishing titles, including Khan Bahadur, Eitbar-ul-Mulk, and Iftikhar-ul-Shaura. "Muztar Khairabadi: Hayaat aur shairi," by Dr. Khalil-Ullah Khan, published by Urdu Publishers, Lucknow, discusses the poet's life and works.

One of Muztar Khairabadi's most famous poems, Main kis ke dil ka ghubar huN, is often incorrectly attributed to Bahadur Shah II, the last Moghul king in Delhi, because of the deep sorrow and dejection expressed in it.

Unfortunately, Muztar Khairabadi's diwan - his entire collected works of poetry - was lost when a mob burned down the printing press in Delhi where they were housed, during the communal riots of 1947 associated with the Partition of India. What remains of his work are only certain poems that were in the possession of his descendants and admirers.

Muztar Sahib served as a judge in the states of Tonk and Gwalior. He was a man of versatile genius, known for issuing his judicial verdicts in extemporaneous verse. He is famed as the judge in the case of Nuthmul, whom he set free in spite of the Maharaja of Gwalior's instructions to the contrary. Nuthmul was a childhood friend of the Maharaja; however, when the maharajah ascended the throne, their friendship went sour. The Maharaja had Nuthmul framed in a case which came before Muztar Sahib. Muztar Sahib found Nuthmul not guilty as charged and set him free. Thereafter, having defied his royal patron, he hurriedly left his judicial service in Gwalior and fled to Bhopal. In his final years, he lived and worked in Indore. He is buried in Gwalior.

Muztar Sahib was a handsome man and always wore elegant clothes. He had a sharp and creative mind and a remarkable memory. In a room full of his disciples he would ask them to recite their poems, keep track of who had read what, and make corrections. He was a wealthy man, his wealth derived from his service as a legal adviser to Nawabs and Maharajas. He was also a teacher and mentor of the Nawab of Rampur.

Muztar Khairabadi's descendants who continue his Urdu poetic tradition include his sons Eitbar Husain Bartar Khairabadi, Yadgar Husain Nashtar Khairabadi, Jan Nisar Husain Akhtar (Jan Nisar Akhtar), and his grandsons Barqarar Husain, Namdar Husain, Shandar Husain, Dr.Shahzad Rizvi, Irshad Rizvi, and Zia Khairabadi, and grandaughters Syeda Naheed Nashtar, Dr.Suhela Nashtar, Dr.Imrana Nashtar, Rukhsana Waseem, Javed Akhtar, and Dr. Salman Akhtar.





Makhdoom Muhiuddin; an Urdu Poet

Makhdoom Mohiuddin (Urdu: مخدوم محی الدین) or Abu Sayeed Mohammad Makhdoom Mohiuddin Huzri (February 4, 1908 – August 25, 1969) was an Urdu poet and Marxist political activist of India. He was a distinguished revolutionary Urdu poet. On February 4 and 5, 2008, a slew of programmes were organized in Hyderabad to mark his birth centenary celebrations in which top writers like Vice-Chancellor of Mahatma Gandhi Antarrashtriya Hindi Vishwavidyalaya, Vibhuti Narain Rai, scientists like P. M. Bhargava and Vice-Chancellor of Hyderabad University Syed E. Hasnain participated. 

Mohiuddin was born in the village of Andole in Medak district in the princely state of Hyderabad, India.

He earned a masters degree in 1936 from Osmania University. He founded the Progressive Writers Union in Hyderabad and was active with the Comrades Association and the Communist Party of India, and at the forefront of the 1946–1947 Telengana Rebellion against the Nizam of the erstwhile Hyderabad state.

Makhdoom grew up to become an Urdu language poet of incredible versatility. He is best known for his collection of poems Bisat-e-Raqs (The Dance Floor), for which he was awarded the 1969 Sahitya Akademi Award in Urdu. His published works include an essay "Tagore" and his Poetry, a play, Hosh ke Nakhun (Unravelling), an adaptation of Shaw's Widowers' Houses, and a collection of prose essays. Bisat-e-Raqs is a complete collection of Makhdoom's verse including his two earlier collections Surkh Savera (The Red Dawn) 1944, and Gul-e-Tar (The Dewdrenched Rose) 1961.

He is known as Shayar-e-Inquilab' ('Poet of the Revolution'). His ghazals and lyrics have been used in many Hindi films. Among his notable is the romantic ghazal: Ek Chameli Ke Mandve Taley and Phir Chhidi Baat, Baat PhooloN Ki.

Makhdoom had a mixed childhood. His father died when he was just six years and mother got married to another man. His paternal uncle took over his guardianship and ensured that he gets the best education and treated him fairly. Makhdoom was very kind to children and loved them a lot, since he got orphaned at very young age probably he very well knew the feelings of a child. He got his school and religious education in his village and later on moved to Hyderabad city for higher education (Bachelors and Masters Degree). He settled down in Hyderabad after completing his higher education and got involved in the fight for "Free India" against the British rule . He was the founder of Communist Party in Andhra Pradesh (southern) Indian state. Therefore he is also called as "Freedom Fighter" of India and has also rallied against the then Monarchy of the Princely State of Hyderabad to merge with India. The then ruler of Hyderbad, Mir Osman Ali Khan (Nizam) had ordered to kill him for awkening people for freedom and get rid of the Nawab or the princely rule.

He got married to Rabia Begum and had three children with her. The elder among his children is daughter Zakia Begum followed by two sons. The first son is Nusrath Mohiuddin, ex-employee of State Bank of Hyderabad, a well known poet, a member of CPI, secretary of Insaf Tehreek. The second son is Zafar Mohiuddin, works for Singareni colleries in Khammam district, Andhra Pradesh.

His daughter is the eldest among his children and Makhdoom had special love and affection for his daughter. She could not complete her school education due to pressure from elder members of her family as her father was always busy with trade union meetings campaigning for his communist party and public life. But he always presented her gifts whenever he returns from a foreign trip. She too loved her father very much and she died due to kidney failure and long illness on August 6, 2010.She was married to Syed Abdul Rahim Quadri and had three daughters and three sons.The eldest daughter is Manzoor Fatima,Farrukh Rahim Quadri(eldest son),Farida Ashraf Fatima,Tooba Anjuman Fatima,Anwar Rahim Quadri and Raoof Rahim Quadri.Makhdoom was very fond of photography and had a wealth of family photos.

Nusrath Mohiuddin has two daughters: the eldest Ayesha Siddiqua has a girl child named Nida Un Naser.The second Asma Siddiqua Khan has a daughter Tahniyath Unissa also known as Maryam and a son Mohammed Laiq Ali Khan alias Omer.Zafar mohiuddin has three daughters and a son. Their names are: Firasat Fatima (elder daughter), Aslam Mohiuddin (son), Afshan, Juveria.

Makhdoom died with a massive heart attack while attending a convention held by Communist Party High Command in New Delhi in 1969. He is remembered all over India for his dedicated work towards the upliftment of poor and fighting for their cause. Though he was the Chairman of Andhra Pradesh Housing Board for five years but he never owned a house.

He was also a member of Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council for 5 years and the most popular political leader across India. Among his close friends are: Raj Bahadur Gaur,Syed Sibte Hassan, Saher Ludhianwi, Shakeel Badayuni, Sajjad Zaheer, S A Dange. He had travelled almost all European countries that exists under the umbrella of Russia and also visited China. He also met Yuri Gagarin when he visited Moscow and wrote a poem on him.

In jail they were given very worse kind of meal. Once the party members found some insects in their meal, Makhdoom commented: Tell your jailor that we all here are vegetarian, we don't eat this non-vegetarian meal.

In jail he met Aamir, who was sent to jail by his lover's family mambers. He requested Makhdoom to help. Makhdoom replied: We should now start a lovers union, and the slogan should be, Lovers of the world, Unite! Later in jail Aamir learned about the Telengana Movement and Marxism and later on joined the struggle.

Sunday, February 19, 2012

Wo Khat Jo Post Na Kiyay Gyay; an Interesting Urdu Short Story by Manto

Saadat Hassan Manto (Urdu: ‏‏سعادت حسن منٹو) (May 11, 1912 – January 18, 1955) was a short story writer of Kashmiri heritage. He is best known for his short stories , 'Bu' (Odour), 'Khol Do' (Open It), 'Thanda Gosht' (Cold Meat), and his magnum opus, Toba Tek Singh'.

Combining psychoanalysis with human behaviour, he was arguably one of the best short story tellers of the 20th century, and one of the most controversial as well. When it comes to chronicling the collective madness that prevailed, during and after the Partition of India in 1947, no other writer comes close to the oeuvre of Saadat Hassan Manto.

Here you go "Wo Khat Jo Post Na Kiyay Giyay" (Urdu: وہ خط جو پوسٹ نہ کئے گئے) (Letters Which was not Posted), an Interesting and beautiful Urdu Short story (افسانہ) by Sa'adat Hassan Manto. I hope you will like this.








Wo Larki; a Masterpiece Urdu Short Story by Manto

Saadat Hassan Manto (Urdu: ‏‏سعادت حسن منٹو) (May 11, 1912 – January 18, 1955) was a short story writer of Kashmiri heritage. He is best known for his short stories , 'Bu' (Odour), 'Khol Do' (Open It), 'Thanda Gosht' (Cold Meat), and his magnum opus, Toba Tek Singh'.

Combining psychoanalysis with human behaviour, he was arguably one of the best short story tellers of the 20th century, and one of the most controversial as well. When it comes to chronicling the collective madness that prevailed, during and after the Partition of India in 1947, no other writer comes close to the oeuvre of Saadat Hassan Manto.

Here you go "Wo Larki" (Urdu: وہ لڑکی) (English: That Girl), an Interesting and beautiful Urdu Short story (افسانہ) by Sa'adat Hassan Manto. I hope you will like this.






Yazeed; an Interesting Urdu Short Story by Manto

Saadat Hassan Manto (Urdu: ‏‏سعادت حسن منٹو) (May 11, 1912 – January 18, 1955) was a short story writer of Kashmiri heritage. He is best known for his short stories , 'Bu' (Odour), 'Khol Do' (Open It), 'Thanda Gosht' (Cold Meat), and his magnum opus, Toba Tek Singh'.

Combining psychoanalysis with human behaviour, he was arguably one of the best short story tellers of the 20th century, and one of the most controversial as well. When it comes to chronicling the collective madness that prevailed, during and after the Partition of India in 1947, no other writer comes close to the oeuvre of Saadat Hassan Manto.

Here you go "Yazeed" (Urdu: یزید), an Interesting and beautiful Urdu Short story (افسانہ) by Sa'adat Hassan Manto. I hope you will like this.










Shikari Aurtain; an Interesting Urdu Short Story by Manto

Saadat Hassan Manto (Urdu: ‏‏سعادت حسن منٹو) (May 11, 1912 – January 18, 1955) was a short story writer of Kashmiri heritage. He is best known for his short stories , 'Bu' (Odour), 'Khol Do' (Open It), 'Thanda Gosht' (Cold Meat), and his magnum opus, Toba Tek Singh'.

Combining psychoanalysis with human behaviour, he was arguably one of the best short story tellers of the 20th century, and one of the most controversial as well. When it comes to chronicling the collective madness that prevailed, during and after the Partition of India in 1947, no other writer comes close to the oeuvre of Saadat Hassan Manto.

Here you go "Shikari Aurtain" (Urdu: شکاری عورتیں), an Interesting and beautiful Urdu Short story (افسانہ) by Sa'adat Hassan Manto. I hope you will like this.







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