Monday, September 6, 2010

Abdul Hameed Adam; the Famous Urdu Poet

Abdul Hameed Adam عبدالحمید عدم (takhallus: Adam عدم) was a famous Urdu poet of his time. He was born on 10 April 1910 in Punjab, India (in the part of Punjab which is in Pakistan now). Most of the researchers think that he was born in Talwandi Musa Khan تلونڈی موسیٰ خان, District Gujranwala گوجرانوالہ. However, in one of his own articles published in the ghazal number غزل نمبر of the literary magazine Fanoon فنُون from Lahore, he writes that: since my father was living in Lyallpur (now Faisalabad) in April 1910, my arrival (tashreef aawari تشریف آوری) took place there (translation is KhamoshTamashais).
He first used the takhallus Akhtar اختر, then switched to Adam. He was first educated at Gujranwala. Then the family moved to Lahore لاہور. He was enrolled at Islamia High School اسلامیہ ہائی اسکول, Bhati Gate بھاٹی گیٹ, Lahore, where one of his schoolmates was Meerza (Mirza) Adeeb میرزا ادیب, a respected Urdu prose writer. According to Meerza Adeeb, young Abdul Hameed was a very good student and his knowledge of Islamiyat اسلامیات was excellent.

When Abdul Hameed was 16 years old, his father passed away in 1926. One of his relatives (later his father in law) supported him and following his Matriculation (10th Grade), got him employed at the Military Account Department, Rawalpindi راولپنڈی, in 1927/1928 as a clerk. Soon Abdul Hameed got married. In 1941 he passed the highest exam of his department with distinction.

During the Second World War, he was sent to the Middle East, where he served in Iran ایران and Iraq عراق. In Iraq he fell in love with an Iraqi girl, got married with her, and brought her with him back to India after the end of the War. He was posted to Pune (Poona, Maharashtra, India) where he became excessively involved with friends and started drinking. He would come home very late and disputes started with his Iraqi wife. The second wife soon returned to Iraq and thereafter Adam remained loyal to his first wife till her death in 1978/1979.

Adam by then had himself become chronically ill and he passed away on 10 March 1981. He started writing poetry in his late teens (in late 1920's). It was a time when Akhtar Shirani اختر شیرانی and Hafeez Jallandhari حفیظ جالندھری had captivated people and nazams (poems) were more popular than ghazals.
Naghma-e Zaar نغمہِ زار, a work of Hafeez Jallandhari with abhi to mein jawaan hoon ابھی تو میں جوان ہُوں had just been published. So it would be safe to assume that he was influenced by such poetry.

Adam is a master of short meters and simplicity of ideas which touch the heart. He is himself characterized by his friends as a simple, straightforward, and honest man. I feel that every young man/woman who understands Urdu and has access to his poetry loves it. He shunned publicity.

He adeptly and fluently uses words like kharaabaat خرابات, adam عدم, mey مے, khirad خرد, hashr خرد (all coming to Urdu from Farsi/Arabic), etc. Farsi فارسی terms are blended well. His verses are beautiful and full of musical rhythm.
There are about four dozen published collections of his Urdu poetry. The first, Naqsh-e Davaam نقشِ دوام, was published in 1934. It consists mostly of nazams (as opposed to ghazals), and the style is mostly that of Hafeez Jallandhari, Akhtar Shirani, and Josh Malihabadi (all masters of Urdu poetry of that time). He later turned to ghazals. He also wrote masnawis (long poems) and qataats قطعات (quatrains).

His publications include Dastaan-e Heer (1959) داستانِ ہیر and a masnawi on Pakistans political history, Jhoot Such (1972) جھُوٹ سچ. Most of his works are collections of his ghazals.
He was so adept in writing poetry that he could complete a ghazal in a few minutes. The last three works were published following his death. His philosophy is of being patient and content in life and not make difficult for others by being greedy. The suffering and sorrows of the have-nots are expressed very efficiently and in a personal manner.

(information mostly gathered from an article by Khawaja Muhammad Zakariyya خواجہ محمد زکریا in Kulliyaat-e Adam کلیاتِ عدم)The Singer: Tahira Sayed طاہرہ سیّدخاموش تماشائی(KhamoshTamashai)

14 comments:

  1. No doubt Adam Sahib has written very lucid and beautiful urdu poetry.

    ReplyDelete
  2. عدم صاحب کی شاعری آج بھی اتنی تازہ اور پر اثر ھے کہ قاری اثر لےٴ بغیر نہیں رہ سکتا
    عدم صاحب کا اک شعر ھے ۔۔۔۔۔
    محبت دل کا سجدہ ھے ، جو ھے توحید پر قایٴم
    نظر کے شرک والوں سے محبت روٹھ جاتی ھے

    ReplyDelete
  3. رندان بے ریا کی صحبت جسے نصیب
    زاہد بھی ہم بیٹھ کے انسان ھو گیا
    عدم

    ہاتھ سے کس نے ساغر پٹکا، موسم کی بے کیفی پر
    اتنا برسا ٹوت کے بادل،ڈوب چلا میخانہ بھی

    عدم

    ReplyDelete
  4. عدم اب دوستوں کی بے رخی کی ہے یہ کیفیت
    کھٹکتی تو نہیں اتنی ، مگر محسوس ہوتی ہے

    ReplyDelete
  5. books abdul hameed adam missing please upload

    ReplyDelete
  6. I got introduced to Adam through Roznama Hurriyet. They used to post one verse from his poetry every day.

    Wonder where can I buy his collections?

    Shah Nawaz, Seattle USA

    ReplyDelete
  7. Could you please help me? I'm looking for the poem " Ek saarson ka kafila, shauq-e-watan dil mein liye, aazad sab afkaar se, athkelian karta hua, wapis tha ghar ko jaa raha” by Vakil Abdul Hamid Sahib.

    ReplyDelete

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    http://pkpoint.net/

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  10. Read online Urdu Books Urdu Digests,Education Books,Novels,Magazines,Safarnama,Islamic Books,imran series mazhar kaleem And Much More
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  11. IT Words The Concepts of information technology words Introduction computer words Information Technology Education Computers And Software Educationhttp://itwords.org/

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