Majrooh Sultanpuri (Urdu: اسرار الحسن خان مجروع سلطانپوری; c. 1919 - 24 May 2000) was an Urdu poet, lyricist and songwriter. He was one of the dominating musical forces in Indian Cinema in the 1950s and early 1960s and was an important figure in the Progressive Writers' Movement, and is considered one of the finest the finest avant-garde Urdu poets of 20th century literature.
In his career spanning six decades, he worked with music directors, from O.P.Nayyar, Usha Khanna, Laxmikant Pyarelal, R.D.Burman, Rajesh Roshan, Anand-Milind and Jatin-Lalit, to Leslie Lezz Lewis and AR Rahman. He won the Filmfare Best Lyricist Award in 1965 for "Chahunga Main Tujhe" in film Dosti, and the highest award in Indian cinema, the Dadasaheb Phalke Award for lifetime achievement in 1993.
Majrooh Sultanpuri was born as Asrar ul Hassan Khan in Sultanpur, Uttar Pradesh in either 1919 or 1920. Since his father was a police sub-inspector, he couldn't afford the expensive English education for his son. Majrooh instead completed the seven year course of Dars-e-Nizami in Arabic and Persian and went on to take the degree of becoming an Alim. He then joined Lucknow's Takmeel-ut-Tib College of the Unani (Greek) System of Medicine. He was an established Hakim when he happened to recite one of his ghazals at a mushaira in Sultanpur. The ghazal became famous with the audience and Majrooh decided to drop his prosperous medical practice and begin writing poetry seriously. Soon he became a fixture at mushairas and became great friends with the renowned Urdu poet, Jigar Moradabadi.
Majrooh Sultanpuri had a severe attack of pneumonia and died in Bombay on 24 May 2000.